The requirements listed in this section apply to all papers, panels,
and special sessions:
The title should be centered, Arial or Helvetica, bold, 18 point,
and Initial Letters Capitalized Like This.
The author's name(s) should be centered using Arial or Helvetica 12
point. The affiliation and address should be Arial
or Helvetica 10 point, and email should be Arial or Helvetica 12
point. Two or more authors may be listed side by side. If co-authors
are at the same institution and share most information, you may use
only one address. Please see the
SPECIAL NOTE FOR PANEL SUBMISSIONS: Indicate which of the panelists
is the moderator by placing the word "Moderator" in
parentheses after her/his name.
You should format your submission for 8.5 x11-inch paper.
Top and bottom margins should be 1 inch, left and right margins
should be 0.75 inch. This is for every page including the first.
Text should be presented in two columns each 3.33 inches wide.
There should be a 0.33 inch space between the columns
Section heads are flush left, Times Roman, bold, 12 point, ALL
CAPITALS, and numbered starting at 1. There should be an additional 6
points of white space above the section head.
If your paper has subsections, they are flush left, Times Roman,
bold, 12 point, and subnumbered (for example, 1.1). Initial letters
of the subsection heading should be capitalized. There should be an
additional 6 points of white space above the subsection head unless
it immediately follows a section head. (Please see the
If your paper has subsubsection, they are flush left, Times Roman,
italics, 11-point, with initial letters capitalized, and subnumbered
(for example, 1.1.2 or 126.96.36.199). There should be an additional 6
points of white space above the subsubsection heading, unless it
immediately follows a subsection heading.
All text including abstract should be single spaced, full
justification, Times Roman, and 9 point.
Use the standard Communications of the ACM format for
references. That is, references should be a numbered list at the end
of the article, ordered alphabetically by first author, and referenced
by numbers in square brackets, like this . Use commas for multiple
citations like this [3,4]. The reference
section has a regular section head (i..e, numbered, ALL CAPITALS,
Times Roman, bold, 12 point), and the references are 9 point Times
Roman but with ragged right justification.
1.5" of blank space at the bottom of the left column of the
first page must be left for the copyright notice. (A
placeholder copyright notice with the number X-XXXXX-XX-X/XX/X is
The following unnumbered sections are required at the beginning of
document in the following order:
- Abstract: The abstract should be a short description of
the work described in the document. The title of the section
("ABSTRACT") should be formatted as a section head
(i.e., flush left, Times Roman, bold, 12 point, ALL CAPITALS).
- Categories and Subject Descriptors: The ACM Computing
Classification Scheme is available at
Most submissions are likely to use category K.3.2 Computer and Information
The title of this section ("Categories and
Subject Descriptors") should be formatted as a subsection
head (i.e., flush left, Times Roman, bold, 12 point, Initial
- General Terms: This section is limited to the following
16 terms: Algorithms, Management, Measurement, Documentation,
Performance, Design, Economics, Reliability, Experimentation,
Security, Human Factors, Standardization, Languages, Theory,
Legal Aspects, Verification. The title of this section
("General Terms") should be formatted as a subsection
- Keywords: This section is your choice of words you
would like to be indexed by. The title of this section
("Keywords") should be formatted as a subsection head.
Do NOT use page numbers or headers/footers. Use a blank line
Information will be sent to authors after notification of acceptance by the program committee.